According to a recent study led by scientists at the Department of Surgery at Columbia University in collaboration with the Pediatric Heart Valve Center at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP), the University of Pennsylvania, and the Valley Hospital Heart Institute, serotonin can affect the mitral valve of the heart and potentially speed up a cardiac condition known as degenerative mitral regurgitation.
Adults who sustained any form of brain injury during a 30-year study period had double the rate of mortality as those who did not, according to new research, while mortality rates among those with moderate or severe head injuries were nearly three times higher.
According to a new study undertaken by scientists at the University of British Columbia and the University of Victoria, average levels of traffic pollution can harm human brain function in a matter of hours.
A nerve stimulation therapy developed at Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons is showing promise in animal studies and may eventually allow people with spinal cord injuries to regain the function of their arms.
Researchers in Japan have uncovered the mechanism for how the measles virus can cause subacute sclerosing panencephalitis, or SSPE, a rare but fatal neurological disorder that can occur several years after a measles infection.
The source of tumour cell resistance to immunotherapy was identified by a recent study that examined the pancreatic cancer tumour microenvironment, and novel therapeutic approaches were developed as a result.
A gum disease called periodontitis can cause a wide range of dental problems, including bleeding gums and tooth loss. The heart, according to Hiroshima University experts, may be involved in far more serious issues elsewhere in the body.
Any women's publication you read will probably have tips on how to increase exercise. But many people are unaware that the majority of fitness advice is based on research that almost exclusively involves men. Over 90 per cent of studies on exercise performance and fatigability do not include female volunteers because it is assumed that menstrual cycle hormonal changes affect exercise capacity, which, if accurate, would muddy the data and make including women in the study too difficult.
According to new research published in Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology, people with early cardiovascular disease might be more likely to have memory and thinking problems, as well as poor brain health in middle age.
The Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology, and Neuroscience (IoPPN) at King's College London has developed a blood-based test that can predict the risk of Alzheimer's disease up to 3.5 years before clinical diagnosis.
The implementation of the two-tier soft drinks industry levy in the UK in 2018 was associated with an 8 per cent reduction in obesity among 10-11 year old girls, with the greatest reductions seen in those living in the most deprived areas, according to a new study published January 26th in PLOS Medicine by Nina Rogers of University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine, UK, and colleagues.
A soldier suffers a serious gunshot wound on a remote battlefield or a machinist has a work accident and gets stuck in traffic on the way to the hospital. Secondary, uncontrolled bleeding from traumatic injury is the leading cause of death of Americans from ages one to 46.
Regularly eating a high-fat/calorie diet could reduce the brain's ability to regulate calorie intake. New research in rats found that after short periods of being fed a high fat/high-calorie diet, the brain adapts to react to what is being ingested and reduces the amount of food eaten to balance calorie intake.