Genetic diagnosis can help in childhood hearing loss treatment: Study

Understanding the many different genetic causes of childhood-onset hearing loss suggests that genomic testing could aid in treatment planning, including optimal treatment timing.

Updated: Jan 28, 2023 23:51 IST

Elephant extinction could have major impact on atmospheric carbon levels: Study

Researchers report that elephants play a key role in creating forests which store more atmospheric carbon and maintain the biodiversity of forests in Africa.

Updated: Jan 28, 2023 23:47 IST

Woman's risk of pregnancy loss may be linked to certain job hazards, says study

In an analysis of 2010-2019 information on more than 1.8 million employed and non-employed pregnant women in South Korea, certain occupations were linked with higher risks of miscarriage and stillbirth.

Updated: Jan 28, 2023 23:46 IST

Researchers find regulating immunological memory might help immune system fight disease

Scientists have long worked to better understand the immunological responses of the human body throughout various diseases, such as cancer and inflammatory diseases.

Updated: Jan 28, 2023 23:36 IST

Research: Childhood trauma associated with civic environmental engagement later in life

Childhood trauma might lead an individual to volunteer, donate money, or contact their elected officials about environmental issues later in life, according to new research published in Scientific Reports.

Updated: Jan 28, 2023 23:35 IST

Link found between multiple sclerosis lesions, depression: Research

There seems to be a link between two serious medical disorders. Globally, millions of individuals suffer from multiple sclerosis (MS), a condition that attacks the body's central nervous system, while hundreds of millions of people suffer from depression, a mood illness with crippling symptoms.

Updated: Jan 28, 2023 23:12 IST

Study reveal new way to find stress in complex fluids

Researchers studying fluid dynamics employ a variety of methods to examine turbulent flows, such as ocean currents or the turbulent atmosphere of other planets. The research team led by Arezoo Adrekani has found that a mathematical tool utilised in these domains can reveal important details about stress in intricate flow geometries.

Updated: Jan 28, 2023 22:35 IST

Study: Plasma thrusters used on satellites could be much more powerful

It was believed that Hall thrusters, an efficient kind of electric propulsion widely used in orbit, need to be large to produce a lot of thrusts. Now, a new study from the University of Michigan suggests that smaller Hall thrusters can generate much more thrust, potentially making them candidates for interplanetary missions.

Updated: Jan 28, 2023 19:25 IST

Study proposes profitable ways to repurpose industrial waste

Scientists have taken the first step at estimating the best large-scale uses for food processing waste, first analyzing its contents and, based on those findings, proposing production opportunities ranging from sustainable fuels, biogas and electricity to useful chemicals and organic fertilizer.

Updated: Jan 28, 2023 19:25 IST

Starry tail tells tale of dwarf galaxy evolution: Research

A giant diffuse tail of stars has been discovered emanating from a large, faint dwarf galaxy. The presence of a tail indicates that the galaxy has experienced recent interaction with another galaxy. This is an important clue for understanding how so-called "ultra-diffuse" galaxies are formed.

Updated: Jan 28, 2023 19:07 IST

Supplementation with amino acid serine eases neuropathy in diabetic mice: Study

Approximately half of the people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes experience peripheral neuropathy -- weakness, numbness, and pain, primarily in the hands and feet. The condition occurs when high levels of sugar circulating in the blood damage peripheral nerves. Now, working with mice, Salk Institute researchers have identified another factor contributing to diabetes-associated peripheral neuropathy: altered amino acid metabolism.

Updated: Jan 28, 2023 18:55 IST

Mercury helps to detail Earth's most massive extinction event: Research

The Latest Permian Mass Extinction (LPME) was the largest extinction in Earth's history to date, killing between 80-90 per cent of life on the planet, though finding definitive evidence for what caused the dramatic changes in climate has eluded experts.

Updated: Jan 28, 2023 03:12 IST

Researchers discover new species of microalgae

In the water from a home aquarium, a brand-new species of microalgae was discovered. While analyzing DNA samples taken from the algae, researchers from the University of Tokyo discovered Medakamo hakoo, whose DNA sequence didn't match any on record.

Updated: Jan 27, 2023 23:45 IST

Blood sugar monitoring devices create wearablity problems for older adults with diabetes, caregivers

Researchers from the Regenstrief Institute showed that continuous glucose monitors and other wearable devices present wearability and use issues for patients and their carers when used by older persons with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes to test and control low blood sugar.

Updated: Jan 27, 2023 23:43 IST

Origin of Earth's volatile chemicals liked to meteorites: Research

By analysing meteorites, researchers from the Imperial College of London have uncovered the likely far-flung origin of Earth's volatile chemicals, some of which form the building blocks of life.

Updated: Jan 27, 2023 23:21 IST

Study finds ancestral variation guides future environmental adaptations

For wild creatures, the rate of environmental change presents significant difficulties. When exposed to a new environment individual plants and animals can potentially adjust their biology to better cope with new pressures they are exposed to - this is known as phenotypic plasticity.

Updated: Jan 27, 2023 23:15 IST

Researchers suggest immunological medication to treat early type 1 diabetes

An approved medication for the treatment of psoriasis is now starting a significant clinical investigation. Patients who have just received a type 1 diabetes diagnosis will test the medication. According to the theory, the medication might maintain the patient's remaining capacity to produce insulin.

Updated: Jan 27, 2023 22:43 IST

AI technology creates new proteins from scratch: Research

Scientists have developed an AI system capable of creating artificial enzymes from scratch. In laboratory experiments, some of these enzymes worked as well as those found in nature, even though their artificially created amino acid sequences differed widely from any known natural protein.

Updated: Jan 27, 2023 18:33 IST

Research suggests young chimpanzees and human teens share risk-taking behaviours

Adolescent chimpanzees share some of the same risk-taking behaviours as human teens, but they may be less impulsive than their human counterparts, according to research published by the American Psychological Association. Does the study get at age-old nature/nurture questions about why adolescents take more risks: because of environment or because of biological predispositions?

Updated: Jan 27, 2023 15:36 IST

Neuronal molecule makes prostate cancer more aggressive: Research

Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer and the second leading cause of cancer death among American men. Now, researchers have discovered critical molecular players that drive prostate cancer to progress into a highly aggressive form of neuroendocrine prostate cancer that currently has no effective treatment. The finding uncovers new avenues to explore therapeutics to treat neuroendocrine prostate cancer.

Updated: Jan 27, 2023 15:36 IST