Researchers advance biological markers predicting postpartum depression risk

Washington [US], October 4 (ANI): Communication among cells is altered in pregnant women who go on to develop postpartum depression (PPD) after giving birth, suggests researchers of a federally-funded study led by Johns Hopkins Medicine.

Updated: Oct 04, 2022 23:55 IST

Scientists crack upcycling plastics to reduce greenhouse gas emissions

Washington [US], October 4 (ANI): Scientists have developed a breakthrough process to transform the most widely produced plastic polyethene (PE) into the second-most widely produced plastic, polypropylene (PP), which could reduce greenhouse gas emissions (GHG).

Updated: Oct 04, 2022 23:45 IST

Study reveals role of genomic changes in specific brain cells in Alzheimer's disease

Washington [US], October 4 (ANI): A large study has looked at DNA methylation in Alzheimer's disease. DNA methylation is the process by which the activity of genes is regulated, acting a bit like a dimmer-switch to turn genes on or off. Increasingly, this process is thought to have a key role in the development of diseases such as dementia.

Updated: Oct 04, 2022 23:36 IST

Scientists discover new epigenetic markers for prostate cancer

Washington [US], October 4 (ANI): Scientists at the Garvan Institute of Medical Research have discovered new epigenetic biomarkers to predict more aggressive forms of prostate cancer.

Updated: Oct 04, 2022 01:57 IST

Exploration of Jupiter's moon Europa now possible

Washington [US], October 3 (ANI): Europa is more than just one of Jupiter's many moons; it's also one of the solar system's most promising locations for searching for extraterrestrial life. There is a liquid water ocean under 10 kilometres of ice that could support life. It is, however, one of the most inhospitable places in the solar system, with surface temperatures of -180 degrees Celsius and extreme levels of radiation. Exploring Europa may be possible in the coming years as a result of Georgia Tech's research into silicon-germanium transistor technology.

Updated: Oct 03, 2022 11:53 IST

Climate change is turning trees into gluttons: Study

Washington [US], October 3 (ANI): The findings of new research have shown just how much the forests have been bulking up on that excess carbon.

Updated: Oct 03, 2022 00:34 IST

Scientists develop system to produce biodegradable plastics

Washington [US], October 2 (ANI): A team of scientists has developed a system that uses carbon dioxide, CO2, to produce biodegradable plastics, or bioplastics, that could replace the nondegradable plastics used today. The research addresses two challenges: the accumulation of nondegradable plastics and the remediation of greenhouse gas emissions.

Updated: Oct 02, 2022 23:34 IST

Scientists find link between fast-melting Arctic ice and ocean acidification

Washington [US], October 2 (ANI): An international team of researchers has found acidity levels increasing three to four times faster than ocean waters elsewhere and a strong correlation between the accelerated rate of melting ice in the region and the rate of ocean acidification. This threatens the Earth's climate and the survival of plants, shellfish, coral reefs and other marine life.

Updated: Oct 02, 2022 23:07 IST

Scientists discover how fish survive extreme pressures of life in oceans

Washington [US], October 2 (ANI): Scientists have discovered how a chemical in the cells of marine organisms enables them to survive the high pressures found in the deep oceans.

Updated: Oct 02, 2022 22:23 IST

Researchers discover a galaxy sparkling with the universe's oldest star clusters

Washington [US], October 2 (ANI): Using the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), researchers have identified the most distant globular clusters ever discovered. These dense groups of millions of stars may be relics that contain the first and oldest stars in the universe.

Updated: Oct 02, 2022 21:38 IST

Study: Urban forests have fewer bird species than rural

Washington [US], October 2 (ANI): According to a new study conducted by Lund University in Sweden, cities have a negative impact on bird diversity. Even if the forest areas are of equal quality, urban woodlands have far fewer bird species than rural forests.

Updated: Oct 02, 2022 14:08 IST

Researchers find how ticks weaken skin's defense function

Washington [US], October 2 (ANI): Scientists have yet to fully comprehend why ticks are such hazardous disease vectors. A team of researchers has discovered that tick saliva suppresses the skin's protective function, increasing the risk of infections like tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) or Lyme disease.

Updated: Oct 02, 2022 09:49 IST

Climate change can greatly expand invasive stink bug habitat

Washington [US], October 1 (ANI): According to a recent modelling study, changing weather conditions could increase suitable habitat for the brown marmorated stink bug in the United States by 70 per cent.

Updated: Oct 01, 2022 23:35 IST

Dead fish breathes new life into the evolutionary origin of fins and limbs: Study

Washington [US], October 1 (ANI): A trove of fossils in China, unearthed in rock dating back some 436 million years, has revealed for the first time that the mysterious galeaspids, a jawless freshwater fish, possessed paired fins.

Updated: Oct 01, 2022 23:13 IST

Study creates map of Milky Way galaxy's ancient dead stars

Washington [US], October 1 (ANI): The first map of the 'galactic underworld' a chart of the corpses of once massive suns that have since collapsed into black holes and neutron stars have revealed a graveyard that stretches three times the height of the Milky Way, and that almost a third of the objects have been flung out from the galaxy altogether.

Updated: Oct 01, 2022 23:05 IST

Researchers reveal changes in marine ecosystems going undetected

Washington [US], October 1 (ANI): Existing ways of calculating biodiversity dynamics are not very effective in detecting wholesale species community change due to the effects of ocean acidification.

Updated: Oct 01, 2022 22:36 IST

Scientists reveals that obesity is a neurodevelopmental disorder

Washington [US], October 1 (ANI): A team of researchers reports that molecular mechanisms of brain development during early life are likely a major determinant of obesity risk.

Updated: Oct 01, 2022 22:35 IST

Structure of family groups gives animals incentive to help or harm their social group: Study

Washington [US], October 1(ANI): According to new research, the structure of family groups provides animals with an incentive to help or harm their social group as they age.

Updated: Oct 01, 2022 15:13 IST

Evidence of social relationships between chimpanzees, gorillas found during study

Washington [US], October 1 (ANI): The first evidence of lasting social relationships between chimpanzees and gorillas in the wild has been found during a long-term study led by primatologist Crickette Sanz at Washington University in St. Louis.

Updated: Oct 01, 2022 00:36 IST

Targeted reimbursement: A fair price for CO2

Postdam, [Germany], September 30 (ANI): If properly designed, a CO2 tax can be both extremely effective and socially just. This is the conclusion of a new study on Global Commons and Climate Change conducted by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK) and the Mercator Research Institute (MCC).

Updated: Sep 30, 2022 19:41 IST